Sport Comparison Essay

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Football vs. Baseball

March 13, 2009

'Baseball is what we were; football is what we have become' (Mary McGory). Both baseball and football are very popular American sports. Both sports can be played at any age. Both sports have a college league, a professional league called the NFL for football and the for baseball's is the MLB, and a league for kids. Baseball is called the all American sport. Many Americans enjoy watching both sports. Although football and baseball are two phenomenal sports, they also have many similarities and differences.

The sports football and baseball are alike in many ways. Both sports have a playoff/tournament system for later in the season which involves the teams with the best records in their conference. The playoff system of football and baseball is set up as a bracket in which two teams play each other until there are two teams left. These two teams then play in the Championship game. Football's championship game is known as the Super Bowl and baseball's is known as the World Series. Lastly Both football and baseball are team sports. They both have several positions that the players are assigned to. Also both sports have a ball that gets thrown to other players. There are many similarities in football and baseball.

Football and baseball also have many differences. They are played at different times of the year. Football is played in the fall and baseball is played in the spring. Also the amount of contact that is involved in both sports is different because pads are not used pads in baseball and in football there are pads. These pads change the amount of contact players have. Football has only eleven players allowed on the field at one time and baseball only allows nine. Also a football is kicked and thrown, while a baseball can only be thrown. Also Football and baseball both have rules that must be followed. In football there are referees and in baseball there are umpires. A referee travels all over the field, calling penalties, determining if the player ran or caught the ball out of bounds, and determining picked up the fumble. On the other hand a umpire stays in one spot of the ball diamond, watches where the ball goes, and if the player was tagged with the ball and the home plate. In football players only receive a penalty for not following the rules, while in baseball not following the rules results in an ejection from the game.

These two phenomenal sports baseball and football have many similarities and differences. Football and baseball have many similarities such as what type of sports they are, the playoffs later in both seasons, type of field they are played on, and the age you can start to play these sports. But they also have many differences. For instance, how long each game is, the time of year that t hey are played in, and the amount of contact that is allowed. A season of football or baseball is a season to remember.





Basketball and Volleyball

      Basketball and volleyball have three differences.The first difference is the courts. There is a net in middle of a volleyball court, but there is nothing blocking a basketball court. And volleyball players have to stay on their own side. But basketball players can run up and down the entire court freely.

      The second difference is the size of the ball and how hard it is. Volleyballs are made of leather. Basketballs are made of synthetic rubber and have a lot of dents all over the surface.

      The third difference is the rules. Volleyball players must not drop the ball. If they do, they will lose the point. Basketball players dribble the ball and shoot it at the hoop.

Basketball and Soccer

      What is the difference between basketball and soccer? Both are ball games and team sports, yet there are several differences between them.

      First, these two sports are different in the way they use the ball. In both sports, players dribble and shoot the ball. But basketball players dribble with their hands, while soccer players, except the goalkeeper, dribble with their feet.

      The second difference is in the number of players. A basketball team has 5 players. A soccer team, on the other hand, has eleven. Thus it is only natural that a soccer field is larger than a basketball court.

      The third difference is in the positions. Basketball has three kinds: guards, forwards, and centers. Soccer has four: a goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The biggest difference is the specialization of players according to their position. Soccer players usually specialize in offense or defense, not both.

Football and Basketball

      There are a lot of sports, many of them are team sports. My favorites are football and basketball. They have both similarities and differences, two of each.The first similarity is the purpose of the competition. It is not only to win points. The purpose is to communicate with your opponents and cooperate with your teammates.

      The second similarity is the number of people who can play on a team. And one more similarity is that both games are played indoors. Only five people can play at the same time. Players need to pass the ball to their teammates to score points. So it is a little harder than outdoor sports.

      The first difference is the content of the sports. Football players shoot the ball with their feet. But basketball players shoot with their hands. It�s a big difference, but it�s an important one.

      The second difference is the goals. Football has a rectangular goal with a net, located on the floor. But the goal in basketball is high above the floor. The players shoot the ball into it. That is the second difference.

      In conclusion I have described some differences and some similarities. The differences are very natural, but also important. I assumed there are a few differences between football and basketball, so the similarities are more numerous than the differences. Which of these sports do you like? I like basketball. But the most important fact is that they are both popular.


Lacrosse and Soccer

       Lacrosse and soccer have some things in common. The number of players is the same; they are both outdoor games; and both have goals. But, the goals have different shapes.

      Lacrosse and soccer have some differences, too. Soccer players are not allowed to use their hands. Lacrosse players, on the other hand, use a stick. The size of the fields and the size of the ball are also different. Of course, the rules are also different.

Good
Easy to understand.
Two paragraphs, one for similarities, one for differences.
Similarities are explained first, then the differences.
Many comparisons.
The examples are good.
The vocabulary is easy.
"The rules are also different" was funny. Nice joke.
The words suit author's meaning.
The sentences are short and simple.
Bad
Too abstract. It needs concrete examples.
The words or sentence patterns are repetitious.
False information--a soccer team has 11 players, but lacrosse teams have 10 (men's) or 12 (women's).
Difficult to understand, because la crosse is not a major sport.
Too vague, not enough details presented about the balls, fields, and rules.
Too wordy, could be shorter.
Some words like "both" used over and over. Too much.
Explanations are very short, too short.
The order of presentation of the similarities and differences is haphazard. No particular order.
Author needs to think more deeply. If he did, he would find more differences.
Better
Provide concrete examples.
Rephrase some of the words.
Provide more facts about la crosse.
Explain differences between men's and women's la crosse.
Write more sentences, full of details.
Eliminate superficial comparisons such as the size of the fields and balls.
Think more deeply and add more differences, more meaningful differences.

line 2: outdoor games => outdoor sports
line 4: (the size of) the ball
line 6: are not allowed to use => mustn't use


Good
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Better
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


    dribble, shoot, kick, rally, volley, spike
    block, run, jump
    must not hold, drop ball
    protective gear
    racket, bat
    use hands, feet, legs, head
    individual, team sport
    number of players
    size and shape of court or field
    open or divided
    number of positions
    offense and/or defense
    time limits
    fouls and penalties
    tie breakers
    change of player
    possession of ball
    steal, pass, catch, intercept
    change of possession
    size and shape of ball
    made of leather or rubber
    how to score points
    easy, hard
    size of goal
    high, low, vertical, horizontal
    protected or unprotected

Topic=People

.generalspecificconsequences.
superficialold / young
tall / short
rich / poor
handsome / ugly
50 / 20 years old
180 / 160 cm
30,000 yen / 500 yen
thick glasses / nice eyes
popular / unpopular
hardworking / lazy
studious / wild
superficial
deepactive / lazy
kind / mean
generous / greedy
happy / unhappy
sports / computer games
encourages / bullies
cheerful greetings / complains
many friends / alone
job offers / unemployed
married / divorced
deep
.generalspecificconsequncesinteresting


.

la cross. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
soccer1.............
handball.1............
American football..............
rugby...2..........
...............
basketball.4.1..........
...............
volleyball1.....4.......
tennis.11...1.......
ping pong.........2....
...............
baseball.41......1....
softball....1.........


Topics and items that students thought of:
How are they the same? How are they different?

t o p i c s

People
Movies
Songs

Sports
Jobs
Countries

Schools
Animals
Food

Clothes
Books
Language(s)

Restaurants
Religions

i t e m s

men / women
Back to the Future / True Lies
Nagori Yuki / Okuru Kotoba

Baseball / Soccer
Restaurant / Convenience Store
Japan / America

High School / University
Chimpanzees / Humans
Fruit / Cake

Pants / Skirt
The Kiss / Harry Potter
Japanese / English

McDonald's / MOS burger
Buddhism / Christianity


class
group
. . . => . . .
.
classify
put into groups
. . . => . . .
.
classification
the process (no koto)

An easy way to think about ''classification'' is to think about a school putting students into classes (groups of students). There are many students, but only a few classes (maybe 3-5). As you know from your many years of experience as students,

    (1) all students must be put in a class and
    (2) no student should be put in two classes (no overlapping).

You might also imagine that when schools divide students into classes they like to avoid unbalanced classes sizes, particularly classes of only one or two students. If possible, they would move such students into one of the other classes.

A Classification Essay is a piece of writing that presents a way of dividing things (items rather than students) into classes. These things might be

    physical items: musical instruments, alcoholic drinks, or countries;
    things that are not physical: power, ways of studying, emotions; OR
    a combination of both--desires (things that people want).

The first two steps in writing a Classification Essay are to figure out (1) the topic--what kind of items to divide up and (2) how to divide the items.


In-class speed writing assignment

There are many examples (=items, like ''students'') of _________________ (=topic) ,
but only a few kinds (=classes).

Fill-in the blank. Then continue writing.


When deciding the topic and how to divide the items, you should keep in mind the last step--figuring out (3) what to write in your essay. It is best if you have based the division of items on a single principle, one which is

    (a) original, (b) useful, and/or (c) intellectually interesting.

Let's take countries as an example topic. There are about 200 countries. How could we divide them? by their first letters from A to Z. But ... such a division would be completely arbitrary. The classes would tell us nothing about the countries--nothing original, useful, or interesting--so there is nothing to write about.

We could divide them by location in the northern or southern hemispheres. That's a little more interesting, but still too obvious, almost trivial. Although we could point out that their seasons are reversed and try to explain how the classification would work for countries that are in both hemispheres, that would not be enough to make an essay interesting.

How about dividing countries by their political systems. That's much more complex. We have to think more deeply about each country. It's a little bit troublesome, perhaps, but much, much more interesting . And we'll have a much better essay when we're finished.

Topic=

c a t e g o r i e s
1234
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
i t e m s

Only after deciding the topic and how to divide the items are we ready to start writing. It would be nice to start off with an Introduction--a short paragraph that will introduce the topic and inform the readers how many classes we are going to divide the items into.

The bulk of the essay then will explain the principle we are using to divide the items. Usually there will be at least one paragraph (with at least 3 sentences in each) for each of the classes. Remember we are explaining the division of items--its complexity--the connections and, perhaps, interaction between the classes. This is NOT a personal essay. You should leave out all personal material and also any irrelevent details about the items themselves--details that have nothing to do with the division of items into classes.

Finally we'll want to end the essay smoothly by putting some final remarks into a short paragraph--a Conclusion.


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