Martin Luther King Research Papers

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Man must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love. These words were spoken by a great man. One who accepted all people for any color or race. He acknowledged the fact that all people are same & all have been bestowed to equal civil rights.

This man is Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Michael Luther King Jr. was born at noon Tuesday, January 15 th, 1929, at the King family household, 501 Auburn Avenue, Atlanta Georgia. Dr. Charles Johnson was the attending physician.

Michaels name was changed to Martin when he was about 6 years old. Martin Luther King Jr. was the first male child born in the King family & the second child born to Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. & Alberta Williams King. His paternal (related to father) grandparents were James Albert & Delia King who were sharecroppers for a farm in Stockbridge, Georgia.

His maternal (related to mother) grandparents were Reverend Adam Daniel Williams, who was the second pastor for Ebenezer Baptist, & Jenny Parks Williams. He married Coretta Scott younger daughter of Obadiah & Bernice McMurray Scott of Marion, Alabama on June 18 th, 1953. The four children Dr. King & Mrs. Scott had were Yolanda Denise (11 / 17 / 55) Martin Luther 3 rd (10 / 23 / 57 Montgomery, Alabama) Dexter Scott (1 / 30 / 61 Atlanta, Georgia) Bernice Albertine (3 / 28 / 63 Atlanta, Georgia). Reverend Dr.

Martin Luther King Jr. started his education at Yonge Street Elementary School in Atlanta, Georgia. Following Yonge School, he was enrolled into David T. Howard Elementary School. He also attended the Atlanta University Laboratory School and Booker T. Washington High School.

Because of his high score on the college entrance examinations in his junior year of high school, he advanced to Morehouse College without formal graduation from Booker T. Washington. Having skipped both the ninth and twelfth grades, Dr. King entered Morehouse at the age of fifteen.

In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse College with a B. A. degree in Sociology. That fall, he enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. While attending Crozer, he also studied at the University of Pennsylvania. He was elected president of the senior class and delivered the valedictory address; he won the Pearl Player Award for the most outstanding student; and he received the J.

Lewis Crozer fellowship for graduate study at a university of his choice. He was awarded a Bachelor of Divinity degree from Crozer in 1951. In September of 1951, Martin Luther King began doctoral studies in Systematic Theology at Boston University. He also studied at Harvard University.

He got his Ph. D degree in Boston University in 1955. Dr. King was awarded honorary degrees from numerous colleges and universities in the United States and several foreign countries. In 1957, he was awarded Doctor of Human Letters at the College of Morehouse. He was awarded Doctor of Laws at the University of Harvard.

He was awarded Doctor of Divinity at the Chicago Theological Seminary. He had gotten many more awards at least several hundred awards in his lifetime. Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

was inspired by the life & teachings of Mohandas Gandhi, October 2 nd 1869 January 30 th 1948, & he wrote this passage about him. "Gandhi was inevitable. If humanity is to progress, Gandhi is inescapable He lived, thought and acted inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peace and harmony. We may ignore Gandhi at our own risk. " Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

had a great voice & he had great speeches. He had many protests, boycotts & many other things to stop racial harassment. Martin Luther King Jr. responded to Rosa Parks arrest (she refused to give a front seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus).

In 1955, he started the Montgomery Bus Boycott, with Ralph David Abernathy (Martin Luther Kings partner, fellow minister). Boycotters started organizing carpools, so people wouldnt go on the bus. Black taxi drivers started making the fares 10 cents so the fare was equal to buses. The White Citizens Council went to violence after the Montgomery Bus Boycott. King & Abernathys houses were firebombed & boy cotters were physically attacked. The boycott lasted for 381 days.

One of the most famous speeches given by Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was the I Have A Dream speech. The speech goes like this. Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice.

It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. But 100 years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we " ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we " ve come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men - yes, black men as well as white men - would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned.

Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check that has come back marked "insufficient funds. " But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so we " ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and security of justice. We have also come to his hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy.

Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children. It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end but a beginning.

Those who hoped that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice.

In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of batteries...


Free research essays on topics related to: theological seminary, montgomery bus boycott, martin luther king jr, one hundred years, booker t washington

Research essay sample on Martin Luther King Jr Montgomery Bus Boycott

What defines an excellent leader? Is Leadership someone that can think creatively or can solve problems? Is a leader someone that knows what it takes to be a leader and to lead a group, or is it someone that sets goals for themselves and/or for the group. You could ponder these questions for a very long time but there is no true definition for leader or leadership. But you can look at people and decide if they are a good leader, by what outcomes they arrive at, the way they inspire people, and the qualities that they poses. All of these aspects are in one of the greatest leaders of all times and that would be, Dr. Martin Luther KingJr. This man is one to be admired and sought to be like.

Martin Luther King also known as MLK was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in the year of 1929. He was brought up in a religious home, his father was a pastor. Martin followed in his dad’s footsteps and was ordained and became a minister of a Baptist church in the city Montgomery, Alabama. Montgomery was a place of great racism in the South. Dr. King saw this racism and felt something needed to be done. As for him being the newly elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA). He felt he needed to do something, so in 1955, December 1, when Rosa Parks didn’t give up her seat on the bus for a white passenger and was arrested. Martin made the decision to organize a boycott against the bus transportation . This is were the great leadership that Martin Luther King Jr. started.

The leadership that King shows is, not to be afraid of anything, to stand up for your people/group, to stand up for the right of your people/group, and lastly to fight with nonviolence for your people. King took action against segregation from that day, to his death. By taking action I mean that he formed many organizations one of which was Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which allowed him to pursue other civil rights activities. This grew to be nationwide and allowed Martin L. King to help his people through his leadership skills.

Martin set goals for himself and for his people. The goals he set for himself was that ” I will not rest until all black men, women, children are free of segregation”. Which meant he would not rest until all his people were free and would do anything to help them have there freedom. The goals he set for his people were of independence, desegregation, and to have their freedom. By setting these goals it shows that King is a great leader. I feel you have to set goals to accomplish your task. By him setting these goals everyone is on the same track, and the people are looking to achieve the same goals and dreams. Which he showed his dreams when he gave the speech at Washington “The I Have a Dream” speech.

Martin Luther King shows great leadership by his demonstrations of non-violence acts all of his organizations all the speeches he gave and all the letters he wrote. Through this it shows he is a man of intelligence, determination, also integrity.

I say intelligence because in his demonstrations, if he would of fought back he and many others would have been killed or seriously injured and it would be his fault and he would of let his people down. So by using his brain he was able to show that the use of violence would result in violence. Not the fact that the demonstration was about the Civil Rights and the desegregation of Blacks. He also showed his intelligence by the letters and the speeches he wrote. The one that was the most inspirational was the “I Have a Dream” speech. This speech touched so many people. It changed the way many people thought about blacks. With the words of Martin Luther King he helped to get desegregation in the Southern states of Mississippi, Alabama, Carolina, Georgia etc just throw his leadership skills and his motivational words that ring till this day.

King showed his determination through getting thrown in jail, being hit with sticks, fists, and being called a “Niger”. All of which hurt him but he would not let that stop him from getting his people free. He did not want to show he was scared of the white community he wanted to show his people no fear. So he faced these obstacles head on and didn’t back down. He showed his dedication and determination to achieve his goals and the goals of his people and to show no fear, and to make his people feel no fear in the whit community. By this Blacks became unafraid of white and helped them get there desegregation.

Martin showed his integrity by taking responsibility for his actions, shown by him going to jail and by him being beat up or even killed. This man inspires confidence in others because he can be trusted to do what he says he will do. King says he will fight until freedom rings that means that he will fight till freedom rings, in which he did. He showed the most integrity when he was killed. He showed that he would give is life to have desegregation and to have his people have their freedom from all whites.

Martin Luther King showed different types of leadership through his preaching, his “I Have a Dream” speech, boycotts, his marches, and his death. All of these demonstrations show that he is the greatest leader of all time. He changed America, he changed segregation, he changed the way people think of people. All of his great qualities came in handy for him to be this great leader. To be remembered as a great man and leader ever to live and die doing what he believed in, and what he thought was right.

King was a great leader. He is a man that will never be forgotten. This is because of all the good things that he has done for America and and the Black population. Know one will ever for get this man because of his hard work, determination, loyalty to his people, is loyalty to his work, the trust people shared in him, How intelligent he was to make the right decision on his movements and speeches. Martin Luther King is a very inspiring individual, a man that will show you what is right and how it is going to be when all is over. He is the kind of man that will show you his dreams, and show you how he is feeling. But When it comes down to everything he is on top. He hits every aspect of a not good but great leader. Your forever Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

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