Short Essay On Fifa World Cup 2010

"FIFA 2010" redirects here. For the video game, see FIFA 10.

This article is about 2010 FIFA World Cup. For the video game, see 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa (video game). For other uses, see 2010 World Cup (disambiguation).

The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's nationalassociation football teams. It took place in South Africa from 11 June to 11 July 2010. The bidding process for hosting the tournament finals was open only to African nations.

In 2004, the international football federation, FIFA, selected South Africa over Egypt and Morocco to become the first African nation to host the finals.[citation needed]

The matches were played in 10 stadiums in nine host cities around the country,[5] with the opening and final played at the Soccer City stadium in South Africa's largest city, Johannesburg.[6][7] Thirty-two teams were selected for participation[8] via a worldwide qualification tournament that began in August 2007. In the first round of the tournament finals, the teams competed in round-robin groups of four teams for points, with the top two teams in each group proceeding. These 16 teams advanced to the knockout stage, where three rounds of play decided which teams would participate in the final.

In the final, Spain, the European champions, defeated the Netherlands (third-time losing finalists) 1–0 after extra time, with Andrés Iniesta's goal in the 116th minute giving Spain their first world title. Spain became the eighth nation to win the tournament and the first European nation to win a World Cup hosted outside its home continent: all previous World Cups held outside Europe had been won by South American nations. As a result of their win, Spain represented the World in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup. Host nation South Africa, 2006 champions Italy and 2006 runners-up France were all eliminated in the first round of the tournament. It was the first time that the hosts had been eliminated in the first round. New Zealand, with their three draws, were the only undefeated team in the tournament, but they were also eliminated in the first round.

Host selection

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts § 2010 FIFA World Cup

Africa was chosen as the host for the 2010 World Cup as part of a short-lived rotation policy, abandoned in 2007,[9] to rotate the event among football confederations. Five African nations placed bids to host the 2010 World Cup: Egypt, Morocco, South Africa and a joint bid from Libya and Tunisia.

Following the decision of the FIFA Executive Committee not to allow co-hosted tournaments, Tunisia withdrew from the bidding process. The committee also decided not to consider Libya's solo bid as it no longer met all the stipulations laid down in the official List of Requirements.

The winning bid was announced by FIFA president Sepp Blatter at a media conference on 15 May 2004 in Zürich; in the first round of voting, South Africa received 14 votes, Morocco received 10 votes and Egypt no votes. South Africa, which had narrowly failed to win the right to host the 2006 event, was thus awarded the right to host the tournament.[10] Having successfully campaigned for South Africa to be granted host status, an emotional Nelson Mandela raised the FIFA World Cup Trophy.[11]

During 2006 and 2007, rumours circulated in various news sources that the 2010 World Cup could be moved to another country.[12][13]Franz Beckenbauer, Horst R. Schmidt and, reportedly, some FIFA executives, expressed concern over the planning, organisation, and pace of South Africa's preparations.[12][14] FIFA officials repeatedly expressed their confidence in South Africa as host, stating that a contingency plan existed only to cover natural catastrophes, as had been in place at previous FIFA World Cups.[15]

Bribery and corruption

On 28 May 2015, media covering the 2015 FIFA corruption case reported that high-ranking officials from the South African bid committee had secured the right to host the World Cup by paying US $10 million in bribes to then-FIFA Vice President Jack Warner and to other FIFA Executive Committee members.[16]
On 4 June 2015, FIFA executive Chuck Blazer, having co-operated with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, confirmed that he and the other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed in order to promote the South African 1998 and 2010 World Cups. Blazer stated, "I and others on the Fifa executive committee agreed to accept bribes in conjunction with the selection of South Africa as the host nation for the 2010 World Cup."[17][18]

On 6 June 2015, The Daily Telegraph reported that Morocco had actually won the vote, but South Africa was awarded the tournament instead.[19]

Qualification

Main article: 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification

The qualification draw for the 2010 World Cup was held in Durban on 25 November 2007. As the host nation, South Africa qualified automatically for the tournament. As happened in the previous tournament, the defending champions were not given an automatic berth, and Italy had to participate in qualification. With a pool of entrants comprising 204 of the 208 FIFA national teams at the time, the 2010 World Cup shares with the 2008 Summer Olympics the record for most competing nations in a sporting event.

Some controversies arose during the qualifications. In the second leg of the play-off between France and the Republic of Ireland, French captain Thierry Henry, unseen by the referee, handled the ball in the lead up to a late goal, which enabled France to qualify ahead of Ireland, sparking widespread comment and debate. FIFA rejected a request from the Football Association of Ireland to replay the match,[20] and Ireland later withdrew a request to be included as an unprecedented 33rd World Cup entrant.[22] As a result, FIFA announced a review into the use of technology or extra officials at the highest level, but decided against the widely expected fast-tracking of goal-line referee's assistants for the South African tournament.

Costa Rica complained over Uruguay's winning goal in the CONMEBOL–CONCACAF playoff,[24] while Egypt and Algeria's November 2009 matches were surrounded by reports of crowd trouble. On the subject of fair play, FIFA President Sepp Blatter said:

I appeal to all the players and coaches to observe this fair play. In 2010 we want to prove that football is more than just kicking a ball but has social and cultural value ... So we ask the players 'please observe fair play' so they will be an example to the rest of the world.[25]

Slovakia was making its first appearance as an independent nation but had previously been represented as part of the Czechoslovakia team that had last played in the 1990 tournament; North Korea qualified for the first time since 1966; Honduras and New Zealand were both making their first appearances since 1982; and Algeria were at the finals for the first time since the 1986 competition.

Teams that failed to qualify for this tournament included Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Croatia, all of whom had qualified for the previous three finals; Sweden, Poland, and Ecuador, who had qualified for the previous two editions; and Euro 2008 semi-finalists Russia and Turkey.

As of 2018, this was the last time South Africa, New Zealand, North Korea, Paraguay, Slovakia and Slovenia qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals.

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,[26] qualified for the final tournament.

Preparations

Five new stadiums were built for the tournament, and five of the existing venues were upgraded. Construction costs were expected to be R8.4 billion (just over US$1 billion or €950 million).[27]

South Africa also improved its public transport infrastructure within the host cities, including Johannesburg's Gautrain and other metro systems, and major road networks were improved.[28] In March 2009, Danny Jordaan, the president of the 2010 World Cup organising committee, reported that all stadiums for the tournament were on schedule to be completed within six months.[29]

The country implemented special measures to ensure the safety and security of spectators in accordance with standard FIFA requirements,[30] including a temporary restriction of flight operation in the airspace surrounding the stadiums.[31]

At a ceremony to mark 100 days before the event, FIFA president Sepp Blatter praised the readiness of the country for the event.[32]

Construction strike

On 8 July 2009, 70,000 construction workers[33] who were working on the new stadiums walked off their jobs.[34] The majority of the workers receive R2500 per month (about £192, €224 or US$313), but the unions alleged that some workers were grossly underpaid. A spokesperson for the National Union of Mineworkers said to the SABC that the "no work no pay" strike would go on until FIFA assessed penalties on the organisers. Other unions threatened to strike into 2011.[35][36] The strike was swiftly resolved and workers were back at work within a week of it starting. There were no further strikes and all stadiums and construction projects were completed in time for the kick off.[37]

Prize money

The total prize money on offer for the tournament was confirmed by FIFA as US$420 million (including payments of US$40 million to domestic clubs), a 60 percent increase on the 2006 tournament.[38] Before the tournament, each of the 32 entrants received US$1 million for preparation costs. Once at the tournament, the prize money was distributed as follows:[38]

  • US$8 million – To each team eliminated at the group stage (16 teams) ($8.98 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$9 million – To each team eliminated in the round of 16 (8 teams) ($10.10 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$14 million – To each team eliminated in the quarter-finals (4 teams) ($15.71 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$18 million – Fourth placed team ($20.20 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$20 million – Third placed team ($22.44 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$24 million – Runner up ($26.93 million in 2018 US dollars[39])
  • US$30 million – Winner ($33.67 million in 2018 US dollars[39])

In a first for the World Cup, FIFA made payments to the domestic clubs of the players representing their national teams at the tournament. This saw a total of US$40 million paid to domestic clubs. This was the result of an agreement reached in 2008 between FIFA and European clubs to disband the G-14 group and drop their claims for compensation dating back to 2005 over the financial cost of injuries sustained to their players while on international duty, such as that from Belgian club Charleroi S.C. for injury to Morocco's Abdelmajid Oulmers in a friendly game in 2004, and from English club Newcastle United for an injury to England's Michael Owen in the 2006 World Cup.[40][41][42]

Venues

In 2005, the organisers released a provisional list of 13 venues to be used for the World Cup: Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg (two venues), Kimberley, Klerksdorp, Nelspruit, Orkney, Polokwane, Port Elizabeth, Pretoria, and Rustenburg. This was narrowed down to the ten venues[43] that were officially announced by FIFA on 17 March 2006.

The altitude of several venues affected the motion of the ball[44] and player performance,[45][46] although FIFA's medical chief downplayed this consideration.[47] Six of the ten venues were over 1200m above sea level, with the two Johannesburg stadiums (Soccer City and Ellis Park) the highest at approximately 1750m.[48][49] The stadiums in order of altitude are: Soccer City and Ellis Park Stadium, 1753m; Royal Bafokeng Stadium, 1500m; Free State Stadium, 1400m; Peter Mokaba Stadium, 1310m; Loftus Versfeld Stadium, 1214m; Mbombela Stadium, 660m; Cape Town Stadium, Moses Mabhida Stadium and Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium near sea level.[48][49]

The most used venues in this tournament was the FNB Stadium in Johannesburg, the Green Point Stadium in Cape Town and the Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium in Port Elizabeth, which hosted 8 matches each.

JohannesburgCape TownDurban
FNB Stadium[50]
(Soccer City)
Ellis Park StadiumCape Town Stadium
(Green Point Stadium)
Moses Mabhida Stadium
(Durban Stadium)
26°14′5.27″S27°58′56.47″E / 26.2347972°S 27.9823528°E / -26.2347972; 27.9823528 (Soccer City)26°11′51.07″S28°3′38.76″E / 26.1975194°S 28.0607667°E / -26.1975194; 28.0607667 (Ellis Park Stadium)33°54′12.46″S18°24′40.15″E / 33.9034611°S 18.4111528°E / -33.9034611; 18.4111528 (Cape Town Stadium)29°49′46″S31°01′49″E / 29.82944°S 31.03028°E / -29.82944; 31.03028 (Moses Mabhida Stadium)
Capacity: 84,490Capacity: 55,686Capacity: 64,100Capacity: 62,760
PretoriaPort Elizabeth
Loftus Versfeld StadiumNelson Mandela Bay Stadium
25°45′12″S28°13′22″E / 25.75333°S 28.22278°E / -25.75333; 28.22278 (Loftus Versfeld Stadium)33°56′16″S25°35′56″E / 33.93778°S 25.59889°E / -33.93778; 25.59889 (Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium)
Capacity: 42,858Capacity: 42,486
PolokwaneNelspruitBloemfonteinRustenburg
23°55′29″S29°28′08″E / 23.924689°S 29.468765°E / -23.924689; 29.468765 (Peter Mokaba Stadium)25°27′42″S30°55′47″E / 25.46172°S 30.929689°E / -25.46172; 30.929689 (Mbombela Stadium)29°07′02.25″S26°12′31.85″E / 29.1172917°S 26.2088472°E / -29.1172917; 26.2088472 (Free State Stadium)25°34′43″S27°09′39″E / 25.5786°S 27.1607°E / -25.5786; 27.1607 (Royal Bafokeng Stadium)
Peter Mokaba StadiumMbombela StadiumFree State StadiumRoyal Bafokeng Stadium
Capacity: 41,733Capacity: 40,929Capacity: 40,911Capacity: 38,646

The following stadiums were all upgraded to meet FIFA specifications:

Team base camps

The base camps are used by 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. In February 2010, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.[55] Fifteen teams were in Gauteng Province, while six teams were based in KwaZulu-Natal, four in the Western Cape, three in North West Province and one each in Mpumalanga, the Eastern Cape and the Northern Cape.[56]

Supporters watching the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, with vuvuzelas.

South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup™ put to rest, once and for all, the idea that Africa is incapable of hosting world-class events of this magnitude. Fifa gave the country a near-perfect 9 out of 10 for the show it put on – here are just some of the reasons why:

Take a bow, South Africa!

John Carlin, author of Playing the Enemy, says all the stories about the 2010 Fifa World Cup being the 1995 rugby World Cup all over again, about healing racial wounds, uniting the fractured nation and so forth, were off the mark. “It was much, much better than that.”

SA’s World Cup ‘near-perfect’: Fifa

As Fifa president Sepp Blatter gave South Africa a near-perfect 9 out of 10 for its hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, analysts said the spin-offs of improved perceptions abroad could have a long-lasting impact not only on South Africa and its development but on the continent as a whole.

2010 ‘one of our greatest achievements’

The 2010 Fifa World Cup was one of the greatest achievements of post-apartheid South Africa, President Jacob Zuma said at the national Heritage Day celebrations at Durban’s Moses Mabhida Stadium.

World Cup surveys highlight success

The successful hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup has done wonders for South Africans’ national confidence and the country’s image abroad, according to pre- and post-tournament surveys commissioned by Fifa.

International awards for SA stadium

South Africa’s FNB Stadium, previously known as Soccer City, was a major hit with the fans during the 2010 Fifa World Cup. It’s also been racking up the design and construction awards, most recently being named the overall winner at the prestigious international Leaf Awards.

South African ‘can-do’ wins again

A novel beer vessel introduced in South Africa during the 2010 Fifa World Cup has been named Can of the Year 2010 by The Canmaker magazine, which reports on innovations in the metal-packaging industry.

Bafana, Tshabalala do SA proud

2010 was a good year for Bafana Bafana, and it ended on a high, with news that South Africa was up to 50th in football’s latest world rankings, and that Siphiwe Tshabalala’s blistering opening goal of the 2010 World Cup was among 10 nominees for Fifa’s goal of the year.

Pride for Africa as Spain strike gold

Only 12 kilometres separate Spain from Africa at their closest point, and they were united in celebration at the finish of a 19th Fifa World Cup that sent a fault line of happiness stretching all the way from Bloemfontein to Barcelona.

South Africans the ‘true stars’: Zuma

The people of South Africa were the “true stars” of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, uniting to prove to the world that the country and the continent was capable of hosting a world-class event, says President Jacob Zuma.

South Africa’s World Cup wins hearts

The aftermath of hosting what has been hailed by one and all as a successful 2010 Fifa World Cup will no doubt leave South Africans with a massive hangover. However, the tournament has given them a new sense of pride, confidence and optimism, and opened a new chapter not only for the hosts but for the African continent.

World Cup: Cape Town takes a bow

As Cape Town played host to the semi-final clash between the Netherlands and Uruguay on Tuesday night, the city bid farewell to its 2010 Fifa World Cup journey. For the city residents, it has been a memorable month that will live with them long after the tournament.

Durban a hit with World Cup fans

South Africa’s “Surf City” was the place to be on Friday as fans streamed in by the thousands for one of the most anticipated matches of the 2010 Fifa World Cup group stages, Brazil versus Portugal. While the match itself did not live up to the hype, the city of Durban certainly did.

SA the ‘plan B’ of future World Cups

“There is not a single part of this World Cup where we have not been able to go beyond the level of past World Cups,” Fifa secretary-general Jerome Valcke said at the halfway mark of the 2010 Fifa World Cup. “South Africa will become the ‘plan B’ of any future World Cup.”

South Africa’s 2010 tourism harvest

South Africa is set to reap lasting tourism rewards from the 2010 Fifa World Cup, with visitors pouring into the country in numbers, from new as well as traditional markets, and responding to the country’s offerings – and the energy and warmth of its people – with surprise and delight.

Special courts key to World Cup success

One of the great successes of the 2010 World Cup – and there have been many – is how the special courts set up for the tournament have succeeded in dealing with the criminal activity that is part-and-parcel of hosting an event of this magnitude.

World Cup so far ‘a success story’

As the 2010 Fifa World Cup approaches the half-way mark, initial glitches have been ironed out and the competition is progressing magnificently, says Local Organising Committee CEO Danny Jordaan, adding that interest will only increase as the tournament progresses.

Volunteers: World Cup’s unsung heroes

While the on-field action draws the crowds, it is the thousands of hard-working volunteers busy in the background, making sure that each match runs with operational precision and professionalism, that should also be awarded a trophy.

African welcome wins players’ hearts

Whatever their fortunes on the pitch, players from the competing nations at the 2010 Fifa World Cup are enjoying the experience off it. The temperatures might be low, but the visiting teams are feeling the warmth of the African spirit.

Huge crowds at World Cup fan fests

Fifa Fan Fests, organised at 16 venues around the world, played host to more than a million supporters during the first six days of the biggest sporting party in the world – with maximum capacity reached in almost every venue each time the respective national team played.

Cup visitors enchanted by South Africa

The world’s attention is focused on the southern tip of Africa as the greatest football showpiece plays itself out on the fields and in the streets of South Africa. But once the final whistle has blown on 11 July, it seems as though a lot of happy fans will be coming back to the country.

Record SA audience for opening match

The opening match of the 2010 Fifa World Cup between hosts South Africa and Mexico drew a record South African TV audience. The tournament is also getting good viewership ratings in North and South America, Europe and China.

Soccer City one of world’s best: Blatter

The majestic Soccer City Stadium, venue for both the opening and final match of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, has won rave reviews from Fifa president Sepp Blatter, who described it as “a five-star stadium” and one of the most beautiful in the world.

South Africa’s ‘quantum’ football stadium

The Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban’s spectacular 2010 Fifa World Cup venue, has scored not only an engineering first for an African stadium with its majestic arch. It has also become the world’s first “quantum” stadium.

2010 stadiums: mission accomplished

After six years of sustained hard work and intense global scrutiny of their ability to deliver, South Africa’s nine host cities have produced 10 World Cup stadiums – matching and exceeding international standards – which will soon be known to television viewers the world over.

Mafika

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