Illiteracy In India Short Essay For Kids

Food, Clothes and Shelter these are basic needs of human being and now education has also become very important in human life. Putting into simple world education is important because it gives us the baseline skills to survive in the world. Education gives us skills and tools, we need to navigate through our life. Without education, people would not be able to read, write, calculate or communicate. They would not be able to perform jobs accurately and safely. The progress of any country can be observed by the literacy rate of that country and India currently has the largest illiterate population. Many schools and colleges organise various competitions like speech and essay competitions. Students are also asked to write articles on various topics in exams. Students get a chance to showcase their talents through this kind of competitions and that’s why we are here to help you out. We are giving you the core information about the illiteracy in India and how it is affecting the life of people in India. This information will help you to write a better essay and to build a perfect speech. You can modify the content as per your requirements as speeches and essays have different structures.

Beginning of the speech on Illiteracy in India

Good morning everyone, honourable chief guests, respected principal, teachers and my dear friends. Today I am going to talk about the rapidly growing population of India and how it is affecting the life of people in India. Now, I would like to start my speech.

Want to deliver a perfect speech? Check out these great tips for winning the speech game. 😀


Th rapidly growing population is one the major problems faced by India. Along with it, there are other major problems faced by India, such as Corruption, Poverty, Black money, Unemployment, Illiteracy and many other. These problems are somehow correlated with each other. The rapidly rising population causes lack of education and job opportunities, which results in poverty.

Literacy is a key for socio-economic progress of any country. The literacy rate in India has grown to 74%(in 2011) from the 12% when we got the independence in 1947. Although it is a great improvement still we are still behind the world as world’s average literacy rate is 84%. According to 2011 census, the effective literacy rate for the males was 82.14% and for females, it was 65.42%.  The low female literacy rate has had a negative impact on family planning and population control efforts in India.

Causes/Reasons Behind Illiteracy in India

The illiteracy in India is becoming a major concern now. 74.04% population in literate whereas the remaining population is still struggling for the education facilities. There are some factors where are responsible for the illiteracy in India and those are as follows,

Huge Population

The rapidly rising population has become a headache for India. Rising population creates problems like unemployment, lack of health and medical facilities, and lack of education facilities too. People are not able to have access to the basic primary education because of the rising population.


Poverty is one of the major problems faced by India. The poverty causes many other problems like lack of education facilities. Because of the poverty, people cannot afford to take education. Also, poor people tend to make their children work rather than study because of the financial problems.

Lack of Opportunities for Poor

As compared to urban areas there are very low education facilities in rural areas. There are very few schools in rural areas of India and also due to lack of medium of transportation students in rural areas have to walk for miles to reach to the school.

Lack of School Facilities

Due to financial problems school management is not able to provide the education facilities to students. No proper seating arrangements, lack of sanitation facilities, no healthy food is provided by the school management.

Unqualified Teaching Staff

The unqualified teaching staff is also the reason behind students not getting the required knowledge from the school. Due to lack of qualified staff, the unqualified staff is recruited to teach students. This degrades the quality of education.

High Dropout Rate

Students tend to leave the school when they fail the examination. This is one of the main reasons behind the illiteracy in India. This is usually seen in the rural areas of India.

Gender Bias

In India, female are discriminated in terms of education. They are not sent to school just because they are female.

Social Problems

Social problems like caste discrimination, child marriage, child labour, untouchability are strong causes of a large percentage of Indian children being denied even basic primary school education.

Impacts/Effects/Consequences of Illiteracy in India

Illiteracy affects the personal growth of people and the economic progress of the country. There are many other effects and consequences of Illiteracy in India.


Lack of education makes people unqualified for any job opportunity. When they are not able the get the job and earn money, the living becomes very difficult for them.

Higher Crime Rates

Lack of education hinders the social awareness of any individual. They are not able to differentiate between good and bad and tend to the crime world. Also, illiteracy makes the earning money very difficult, hence people find unethical and wrong ways to earn money.

Affects the Social and Economic Growth

Lack of education hampers the social growth of any individual and it also hinder the economic progress of the country.


Lack of required skills and education make illiterate people unqualified for the job. Illiteracy has caused the unemployment in India and it is one of the biggest problems faced by India.

Steps Taken by Govt. of India to reduce/Stop Illiteracy

To reduce the illiteracy rate in India Government of India has started many initiatives and schemes to encourage people to get the quality education and make them capable of earning the living in both urban and rural areas. The primary education has been free for all. New schools, especially in rural areas have been made to provide education facilities for more students.

National Literacy Mission Programme wasIntroduced in 1988, that aims to educate about 80 million people in India.

Saakshar Bharat is another programme that aims at achieving 80% literacy level at the national level, by focusing on adult women literacy seeking to reduce the gap between male and female literacy.

Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act is an act passed by the Parliament in 2009 which ensures compulsory education for children of age between 6- 14 years.

Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a scheme launched in 2013 that aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions.


Illiteracy is one the biggest problems faced by India. It can be reduced by spreading awareness to the people and making them understand the importance of education. The Government of India and Prime Minister Narendra Modi is trying hard to change the situation by introducing various schemes and programmes to encourage people to have a proper education.

Tips for Speech on Illiteracy in India

  1. Never mug up the speech script as it is. That sounds like a robot, your audience will not connect with it.
  2. Rather than reciting the complete script, note down only important bullet points and speak from your heart. When you speak from the heart you might fumble once or twice but it connects with your audience. We are humans after all we all make mistakes.
  3. If you are confident enough try to be interactive with your listeners. Ask them questions.
  4. If you are a parent don’t force kids to mug it up. Help them to understand the topics and it’s important. In real life, you just can’t survive with mugged up answers, isn’t it? Today’s generation is 10 times smarter than our generation they can easily understand the topic.
  5. If you are speaking in public for the first time then you better try a speech in front of parents, siblings or friends. Ask them feedback and revisit the script. Or else at least try speech in front of the mirror.

Tips for Essay on Illiteracy in India

  1. You can write an essay in story format too, take an imaginary person and tell a story on given topic from his/her perspective.
  2. Essay generally have three main parts, Introduction, impact or more detailed info and then summary or conclusion. Don’t use headers in the essay. But you should divide the essay into these 3 logical sections.
  3. Try to maintain a flow between sections. Carry forward a point from the last paragraph and then take it forward.
  4. You can start a new paragraph with words or phrases like “on another hand, plus, at first, however”.
  5. It is important to have a conclusion or summary for an essay. You don’t need to be positive all the time for conclusion, it can be a mix of both emotions. Try to have an inspiring, positive, euphoric conclusion.

Tips for Paragraph Writing on Illiteracy in India

  1. Generally, you will have 2 section in paragraph writing, it will be shorter than an essay.
  2. Paragraph are generally facts based rather than interactive or story based.
  3. You can have headings for paragraph if allowed.

If you find this article helpful, then don’t forget to appreciate us with your valuable comment. 🙂

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That literacy is the basic requirement of economic development has been recognized throughout the world and hence literacy has reached around 99% in countries of Japan, South Korea, USA, UK, Germany, France, etc.

But in India the literacy is still hovering around 74% on an average reaching above 90% in Kerala and below 75% in Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, etc. All efforts and success in literacy have become obliterated by huge rise in population.

Women population constitutes a larger portion of total illiterate population. In India, the female literacy rate is around 65 percent as against the male literacy rate of around 82 percent. Hence, women education is very important to eradicate illiteracy.

Illiteracy is maximum amongst Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and other backward classes who are not only poor, but unaware, unconcerned and unwilling to improve and change their lot. Illiteracy deprives people not only of economic development but also of all benefits of education, reading, writing, etc. remaining within the darkness of ignorance, poverty and impoverishes.

It is essential that the Government of India rises up to the occasion and take all possible steps to set up thousands of primary school all around the country making literacy and compulsory obligation of every citizen without which he will be penalized. For this the primary education has to be made free of tuition fees, all books and papers and instruments including computer to be supplied free.

Unless all citizens are literate or educated they cannot ever read newspaper, circulars, notices, advertisements, posters, and letters from near and dear ones. This will compel the illiterate masses to be deprived of 90% benefit of development, entertainment, sports and games, medical prescription, operate cell phone, T.V and computer.

Students are the builders of a nation. They can do a lot to eradicate illiteracy. They can spend their spare time and holidays in helping illiterate people to become literate, teaching them the habits of hygiene and sanitation.

A blind person cannot witness the captivating beauty of nature. Similarly, an illiterate person remains remains blindfolded to the charms of the world of learning and knowledge. If and when illiteracy will be removed completely, India will be a new country where 100% people can participate in all programs of economic development.

Category: National Issues of India

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